Down syndrome genetically defined disorder, which is also known as Trisomy 21in UK & many other countries. It is defined as chromosomal condition caused by the occurrence of all or part of an additional 21st chromosome. Down syndrome condition was actually recognized by chromosome 21 trisomy ~ Jérôme Lejeune in 1959.
Basically, it is a chromosomal order characterized by the existence of an extra copy of genetic material on the 21st chromosome; it may be of any type as in format or also due to internal translocations. As such, the impact of the additional changes varied from people to people, depending on the genetic history & earlier symptoms. Rarely found syndrome, is due to increased mutagenic exposures upon some older parents' reproductive cells. Apart from this, many other factors may also play a role. Till now, as Medical science believes it occurred in all human populations, and parallel effects have been found in other creatures also.
On symptoms scale, it is identified by early childhood intervention, screening for common problems, a conductive family environment, and professional training can only recover the in general growth of children with Down syndrome. Again, Education and proper care will too help to improve quality of life notably, in spite of genetic limitations. Individuals with Down syndrome face a higher risk for many other conditions. As per as medical consequences of the extra genetic material in Down syndrome, they are highly variable and may also affect the function of any organ system or overall process. Experts say, most of them are originated from the birth itself, such as certain heart malformations. Others too become noticeable over time, such as epilepsy.
Looking on opponent side, treatment of individuals with Down syndrome totally depends on the particular manifestations of the situation. For example, those with congenital heart disease may require undertaking foremost corrective surgery soon after birth. Others may have moderately slight health problems requiring no such therapy.
Treatments taken care under the Down syndrome considerably depend on few specific factors:
• Assessment at birth (Early attempts)
• Plastic surgery (Advocated therapy)
• Cognitive development (On scale of development)
• Childhood and adulthood Record (Grown up issues)
In present society, Down syndrome treatment advocated for people to various terms & conditions, such as additional educational & parental support groups to develop parenting awareness and skills. Cultural strides being also attempted in education, housing, and social settings to generate environments which are nearby and helpful to people with Down syndrome. Since in the early 1960s, parents and their organizations, educators and other professionals have usually advocated a policy of enclosure & bringing all people together on social platform to keep them updated about the trending & stimulating cures. Treatments are likely to concern on individual's role on performing their own tasks in understanding & acknowledging Down syndrome symptoms & epidemic.