Saturday, September 28, 2013

Neurology - Disorders and Treatments

Neurology is the scientific study of the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of nerves and the nervous system. Our nervous system plays a vital role in controlling our actions and movements. The nervous system is a part of our body which co-ordinates the voluntary and involuntary actions and transmits signals to the various parts of our body. In most living orgasms, it consists of two main parts i.e. the Central nervous system (CNS) and Peripheral nervous system (PNS). The CNS consists of the brain and the spinal cord and the PNS mainly consists of nerves that connect the CNS (brain and spinal cord) to every part of the body.

Treating the disorders of the nervous system that includes the brain, spinal cord, nerves and muscles at the earliest is imperative. Some common neurological disorder treatments include Migraine Headache Treatments, Sleep disorders, Numbness and tingling, Epilepsy Treatment, Muscle diseases, Diseases of the spinal cord, Treatment for a Stroke and Alzheimer's etc. Alzheimer's disease is the most common cause of dementia in senior citizens. Dementia is a disease that affects memory, thinking, reasoning, and behavior of a person. There is still no cure that can be used as Alzheimer's Treatment. For an independent life for a longer duration there are four medications available, which can help in slowing down the effects of the disease. If need arises there are medications available to help with behavioral symptoms. Staying physically active, light aerobic exercise is advised at least for 20 minutes a day, keeping the brain engaged mentally stimulating activities like crossword puzzles, memory games, etc. Staying in touch with friends, social interactions are also mentally stimulating and eating a healthy Mediterranean diet, rich in fruits, vegetables and seafood.

Treatment of these diseases on time by a Neurology Specialist should be done, for a better recovery procedure and independence in performing small daily activities. Well-qualified and experienced Neurosurgeons should be appointed for these surgeries. Neurologists can recommend surgical treatment, but do not perform surgery. When treatment includes surgery, they will monitor the patients treated with surgery and will supervise their treatment. Neurosurgeons are medical doctors who specialize in performing surgical treatments of the brain or nervous system and hence they are the experts in their profession.

Physical therapy treatments are also very necessary. In most cases, there is loss of functioning of the body parts. Generally, this is due to injuries to the brain or spinal cord that causes death of cells which mainly has control over certain movements and sensations. Without proper physical therapy, a person will not be able to perform certain day-to-day activities. This may lead to other health issues like heart and lung problems, diabetes, increase in dependence, which will gradually affect and cause a poor quality of life.

There is a certain time span when cells in the brain and spinal cord can re-learn the affected functions. They can take charge of some of the functions. With proper treatment and therapy by Neurology Specialists many of the patients can learn to live independently again, which will make their life much easier and happier.

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